A reconstructed pit house, also known as sunken house or Grubenhaus in the Palatine Museum Tilleda. Pit houses were built mostly into the earth with only the roof standing out. Those houses were not used for living, but for storage and as working places.
The interior of this sunken house is the working place of a woodturner.A woodturner's lathe
The museum sometimes has presentations of Medieaval crafts, but this woodturner was nowhere to be found, lol.
The photos show some reconstructed wattle and daub houses from the 10th century. There are exhibitions and old tools in all of these. Well, except one which houses a surprisingly modern variant of toilets.
Reconstructed 10th century houses
The buildings are part of the palatine castle complex of the open air museum Tilleda
that shows a - partially reconstructed - Medieaval palatine castle. The main hall and the chapel were separated from these houses by an additional wall. Not much is left of these; reconstruction is still going on. There were more houses in the area between the outer wall and the castle proper than have been reconstructed. A street in the outer bailey
In the 10th century when Tilleda was in its bloom, more than a hundred people must have lived within the walls and thus under the protection, of the castle. They lived there all the time, while the kings /n emperors visited Tilleda only a few times over the years.