Roman and Mediaeval History, Illlustrated Travel Journals, Mediaeval Literature, Geology


3.1.08
  List of Medieaval German Emperors until 1250

To get some of the German kings and emperors of the Holy Roman Empire sorted out, I've listed the German Emperors of the Carolingian, Ottonian, Salian and Staufen dynasties. Dates are birth and death.

Carolingian:
  • Karl der Große (Charlemagne) 742-814, Carolingian, first Holy Roman Emperor (800)


  • After Charlemagne's death, the reign was split between his surviving son and his grandsons, and a divide between West and East Francia (Regnum Teutonicum) took place, albeit there have still been power overlaps during the Carolingian dynasty.

    The West Francian line (Carolingian):
  • Ludwig (the Pious), Charlemagne's son, 778-840
  • Lothar I, his son, 795-855
  • Ludwig II of Italy, his son, 825-875
  • Karl II (the Bald), youngest son of Ludwig the Pious, 823-877


  • The East Francian line (Carolingian):
  • Ludwig (the German), 806-876
  • Karlmann, 830-880, King of Bavaria
  • Karl III (the Fat), Ludiwg's son, 839-888 (Emperor since 881)

  • Arnulf of Kärnten, 850-899, King of East Francia (Emperor since 896)
  • Ludwig (the Child) 893-911


  • Conradinian:
  • Konrad I, 881-918, King of East Francia


  • With the coronation of Otto I as Emperor, and the rise of the House Capet in West Francia about 960, the divide of the two realms was completed. The eastern, or German part concentrated on Italy and the Slavic tribes they conquered, and they provided most of the Holy Roman Emperors. France had its interests in England (and vice versa) and to some extent in Spain, and so a west-east power split developed, but with a shared culture.

    Ottonian (Liudolfingian):
  • Heinrich I (the Fowler) 876-936, first of the Ottonian Kings of East Francia
  • Otto I (the Great), his son, 912-973 (Emperor since 962)
  • Otto II, his son, 955-983
  • Otto III, his son, 980-1002
  • Heinrich II (the Saint, sideline of the Ottonians) ) 973-1024


  • Antipope Clemens III with Emperor Heinrich IV.
    (Codex Jenesis Bose q.6, dated 1157. Wikipedia Common License)

    Salian:
  • Konrad II (the first Salian Emperor) 990-1039
  • Heinrich III, his son, 1017-1056
  • Heinrich IV, his son, 1050-1106
  • Heinrich V, his son, 1086-1125


  • Süpplingenburg:
  • Lothar of Süpplingenburg (Lothar III) 1075-1137


  • Staufen line 1:
  • Konrad III, 1093-1152, King of Germany and Italy
  • Heinrich IV, died 1150, King with his father Konrad
  • Friedrich I (Barbarossa), 1122-1190 (Emperor since 1155)
  • Heinrich VI, his son, 1165-1197


  • Welfen:
  • Otto IV of Braunschweig, son of Duke Heinrich the Lion of Saxony*, 1175-1218


  • Staufen line 2:
  • Friedrich II (called stupor mundi) son of Heinrich VI, 1194-1250
  • Konrad IV, his son (last of the Staufen) 1228-1254


  • Of course, this is not the end of the lists of German Emperors. There followed the lines of Luxembourg, Wittelsbach, and Hapsburg, but the time until 1250 is the one I concentrate on in this blog.

    Note
    * Duke Heinrich (Henry) the Lion of the Welfen family (1129-1195) was Friedrich Barbarossa's most formidable opponent which led to his spending several years in exile at the English court of Henry II.

    His descendants would later provide England with several kings named George. :) And since Heinrich's mother Gertrud was the great-granddaughter of Otto of Northeim, the English Georges I-III go back to that line as well.
     
    Comments:
    I have always like the nicknames or attributes attached to various rulers, and am always curious how the less obvious became associated with them.
     
    Yeah, nicknames can be fun. The Fat and the Bald are pretty obvious, but Ludwig the Pious should have been Ludwig the Weak - his sons danced on his nose all the time. :)
     
    They'd need nicknames to keep everyone straight. There's not much variation in the names! It was the same with France and England. They seemed to find a name they liked and stick with it for generations.
     
    Yes, and considering the fact that my grandfathers were Heinrich and Otto, the names stuck around a really long time. *grin*
     
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    Miscellaneous musings of an aspiring Historical Fiction and Fantasy author. Illustrated essays on Roman, Dark Age and Mediaeval history, Mediaeval literature, and Geology. Some poetry translations and writing stuff. And lots of photos of old castles, cathedrals, Roman remains, and beautiful landscapes from Germany, the UK, Scandinavia, and the Baltic States.

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    I'm a writer of Historical Fiction and Fantasy living in Germany. I got a MA in Literature, Scandinavian Studies, Linguistics and History, I'm interested in Archaeology and everything Roman and Mediaeval, an avid reader, opera enthusiast, traveller with a liking for foreign languages and odd rocks, and photographer.


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