List of Medieaval German Emperors until 1250
To get some of the German kings and emperors of the Holy Roman Empire sorted out, I've listed the German Emperors of the Carolingian, Ottonian, Salian and Staufen dynasties. Dates are birth and death.
Karl der Große (Charlemagne) 742-814, Carolingian, first Holy Roman Emperor (800)
After Charlemagne's death, the reign was split between his surviving son and his grandsons, and a divide between West and East Francia (Regnum Teutonicum) took place, albeit there have still been power overlaps during the Carolingian dynasty.
The West Francian line (Carolingian):
Ludwig (the Pious), Charlemagne's son, 778-840Lothar I, his son, 795-855Ludwig II of Italy, his son, 825-875Karl II (the Bald), youngest son of Ludwig the Pious, 823-877
The East Francian line (Carolingian):
Ludwig (the German), 806-876Karlmann, 830-880, King of BavariaKarl III (the Fat), Ludiwg's son, 839-888 (Emperor since 881)
Arnulf of Kärnten, 850-899, King of East Francia (Emperor since 896)Ludwig (the Child) 893-911
Konrad I, 881-918, King of East Francia
With the coronation of Otto I as Emperor, and the rise of the House Capet in West Francia about 960, the divide of the two realms was completed. The eastern, or German part concentrated on Italy and the Slavic tribes they conquered, and they provided most of the Holy Roman Emperors. France had its interests in England (and vice versa) and to some extent in Spain, and so a west-east power split developed, but with a shared culture.
Heinrich I (the Fowler) 876-936, first of the Ottonian Kings of East FranciaOtto I (the Great), his son, 912-973 (Emperor since 962)Otto II, his son, 955-983Otto III, his son, 980-1002Heinrich II (the Saint, sideline of the Ottonians) ) 973-1024
Antipope Clemens III with Emperor Heinrich IV.
(Codex Jenesis Bose q.6, dated 1157. Wikipedia Common License)
Salian:Konrad II (the first Salian Emperor) 990-1039Heinrich III, his son, 1017-1056Heinrich IV, his son, 1050-1106Heinrich V, his son, 1086-1125
Süpplingenburg:Lothar of Süpplingenburg (Lothar III) 1075-1137
Staufen line 1:Konrad III, 1093-1152, King of Germany and ItalyHeinrich IV, died 1150, King with his father KonradFriedrich I (Barbarossa), 1122-1190 (Emperor since 1155)Heinrich VI, his son, 1165-1197
Welfen:Otto IV of Braunschweig, son of Duke Heinrich the Lion of Saxony*, 1175-1218
Staufen line 2:Friedrich II (called stupor mundi) son of Heinrich VI, 1194-1250Konrad IV, his son (last of the Staufen) 1228-1254
Of course, this is not the end of the lists of German Emperors. There followed the lines of Luxembourg, Wittelsbach, and Hapsburg, but the time until 1250 is the one I concentrate on in this blog.Note
* Duke Heinrich (Henry) the Lion of the Welfen family (1129-1195) was Friedrich Barbarossa's most formidable opponent which led to his spending several years in exile at the English court of Henry II.His descendants would later provide England with several kings named George. :) And since Heinrich's mother Gertrud was the great-granddaughter of Otto of Northeim, the English Georges I-III go back to that line as well.