Illustrated Travel Journal with Essays about Roman and Mediaeval History


03/01/2008
  List of Medieaval German Emperors until 1250

To get some of the German kings and emperors of the Holy Roman Empire sorted out, I've listed the German Emperors of the Carolingian, Ottonian, Salian and Staufen dynasties. Dates are birth and death.

Carolingian:
  • Karl der Große (Charlemagne) 742-814, Carolingian, first Holy Roman Emperor (800)


  • After Charlemagne's death, the reign was split between his surviving son and his grandsons, and a divide between West and East Francia (Regnum Teutonicum) took place, albeit there have still been power overlaps during the Carolingian dynasty.

    The West Francian line (Carolingian):
  • Ludwig (the Pious), Charlemagne's son, 778-840
  • Lothar I, his son, 795-855
  • Ludwig II of Italy, his son, 825-875
  • Karl II (the Bald), youngest son of Ludwig the Pious, 823-877


  • The East Francian line (Carolingian):
  • Ludwig (the German), 806-876
  • Karlmann, 830-880, King of Bavaria
  • Karl III (the Fat), Ludiwg's son, 839-888 (Emperor since 881)

  • Arnulf of Kärnten, 850-899, King of East Francia (Emperor since 896)
  • Ludwig (the Child) 893-911


  • Conradinian:
  • Konrad I, 881-918, King of East Francia


  • With the coronation of Otto I as Emperor, and the rise of the House Capet in West Francia about 960, the divide of the two realms was completed. The eastern, or German part concentrated on Italy and the Slavic tribes they conquered, and they provided most of the Holy Roman Emperors. France had its interests in England (and vice versa) and to some extent in Spain, and so a west-east power split developed, but with a shared culture.

    Ottonian (Liudolfingian):
  • Heinrich I (the Fowler) 876-936, first of the Ottonian Kings of East Francia
  • Otto I (the Great), his son, 912-973 (Emperor since 962)
  • Otto II, his son, 955-983
  • Otto III, his son, 980-1002
  • Heinrich II (the Saint, sideline of the Ottonians) ) 973-1024


  • Antipope Clemens III with Emperor Heinrich IV.
    (Codex Jenesis Bose q.6, dated 1157. Wikipedia Common License)

    Salian:
  • Konrad II (the first Salian Emperor) 990-1039
  • Heinrich III, his son, 1017-1056
  • Heinrich IV, his son, 1050-1106
  • Heinrich V, his son, 1086-1125


  • Süpplingenburg:
  • Lothar of Süpplingenburg (Lothar III) 1075-1137


  • Staufen line 1:
  • Konrad III, 1093-1152, King of Germany and Italy
  • Heinrich IV, died 1150, King with his father Konrad
  • Friedrich I (Barbarossa), 1122-1190 (Emperor since 1155)
  • Heinrich VI, his son, 1165-1197


  • Welfen:
  • Otto IV of Braunschweig, son of Duke Heinrich the Lion of Saxony*, 1175-1218


  • Staufen line 2:
  • Friedrich II (called stupor mundi) son of Heinrich VI, 1194-1250
  • Konrad IV, his son (last of the Staufen) 1228-1254


  • Of course, this is not the end of the lists of German Emperors. There followed the lines of Luxembourg, Wittelsbach, and Hapsburg, but the time until 1250 is the one I concentrate on in this blog.

    Note
    * Duke Heinrich (Henry) the Lion of the Welfen family (1129-1195) was Friedrich Barbarossa's most formidable opponent which led to his spending several years in exile at the English court of Henry II.

    His descendants would later provide England with several kings named George. :) And since Heinrich's mother Gertrud was the great-granddaughter of Otto of Northeim, the English Georges I-III go back to that line as well.
     
    Comments:
    I have always like the nicknames or attributes attached to various rulers, and am always curious how the less obvious became associated with them.
     
    Yeah, nicknames can be fun. The Fat and the Bald are pretty obvious, but Ludwig the Pious should have been Ludwig the Weak - his sons danced on his nose all the time. :)
     
    They'd need nicknames to keep everyone straight. There's not much variation in the names! It was the same with France and England. They seemed to find a name they liked and stick with it for generations.
     
    Yes, and considering the fact that my grandfathers were Heinrich and Otto, the names stuck around a really long time. *grin*
     
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    The Lost Fort is a travel journal and history blog based on my travels in Germany, the UK, Scandinavia, and other places. It includes essays on Roman and Mediaeval history, as well as some geology, illustrated with my own photos of old castles and churches, Roman remains, and beautiful landscapes.

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    I'm a blogger from Germany with a MA in Literature and History which doesn't pay my bills, so I use it to research blogposts instead. I'm interested in everything Roman and Mediaeval, avid reader and sometimes writer, opera enthusiast, traveller with a liking for foreign languages and odd rocks, photographer, and tea aficionado. And an old-fashioned blogger who still hasn't got an Instagram account.
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    Town Portrait
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    Towns of the Hanseatic League

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    St. Mary's Church, Introduction

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    The Architecture
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    The Marshals of Ebersburg

    Harzburg
    The Harzburg and Otto IV

    Hohnstein
    Origins of the Counts of Hohnstein
    The Family Between Welfen and Staufen
    A Time of Feuds (14th-15th century)

    Regenstein
    Introduction
    The Time of Henry the Lion

    Scharzfels
    Introduction
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    The Stauffenburg near Seesen

    Castles in Hessia

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    Kugelsburg
    The Counts of Everstein
    Troubled Times
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    The History of the Castle
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    Castles in Lower Saxony

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    The Keep of Adelebsen Castle
    The Great Hall of Hardeg Castle

    Hardenberg
    Introduction

    Plesse
    Rise and Fall of the Counts of Winzenburg
    The Lords of Plesse
    Architecture / Decline and Rediscovery

    Castles in the Solling
    Salzderhelden - A Welfen Seat
    Grubenhagen

    Castles in Thuringia

    Brandenburg
    The Double Castle
    Role of the Castle in Thuringian History

    Castles in the Eichsfeld
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    Hanstein
    Introduction
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    Castles at the Weser

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    Steinkirche near Scharzfeld
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    Introduction
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    Scotland

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    Arriving at Inchcolm

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    Dunadd Hill Fort
    Staffa


    Wales

    Towns

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    Conwy
    The History of the Castle
    The Architecture

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    History: Beginnings unto Bigod
    History: From Edward II to the Tudors
    History: Civil War, Restoration, and Aftermath

    Manorbier
    The Pleasantest Spot in Wales

    Pembroke
    Pembroke Pictures
    The Caves Under the Castle

    Welsh Castles

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    King Edward's Buildings


    Scandinavia

    Norway

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    Defense over the Centuries
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    Sweden

    Towns

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    Russia

    The Splendour of St.Petersburg

    Cathedrals
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    The Neva
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    Poland and the Baltic States

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    Belgium and Luxembourg

    Belgium / Flanders

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    A Virtual Tour through Mediaeval Bruges

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    A Virtual Tour through Mediaeval Ghent

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    France

    Strasbourg
    A Virtual Walk through the Town


    Other Times

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    Ages of Stone and Bronze

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    From Stone to Bronze
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    Pre-Historic Orkney
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    Post-Mediaeval Times

    Powder and Steam

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    The Fram Museum in Oslo
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    - Germany
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    Beautiful Germany

    The Baltic Sea Coast
    From the Bay of Wismar to Hiddensee
    The Flensburg Firth
    A Tour on the Wakenitz River

    Harz National Park
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    Rivers and Lakes
    The Danube in Spring
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    River of the Greenest Shores - The Moselle
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    Parks and Palaces
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    Forest Botanical Garden, Göttingen
    Hardenberg Castle Gardens
    Junkerberg Cemetary
    Wilhelmsthal Palace and Gardens

    Other Landscape Sites
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    Seasons and More

    Spring
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    Summer
    Memories of Summer
    Summer Hiking Tours 2016
    Summer Thunderstorms

    Autumn
    Autumnal Views from Castle Windows
    Autumn Photos from Harz and Werra
    Autumn in the Meissner
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    Winter
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    Winter at the Kiessee Lake
    Winter Wonderland
    Winter 2010

    Wildlife
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    Harz Falcon Park
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    Ozeaneum Stralsund: The North Sea Life

    Experimental
    Alien Architecture
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    Llama, Llama
    Odd Angles
    Spectacular Sunset
    Carved Animals


    Across the Channel - United Kingdom

    Mountains, Valleys, and Rivers
    Sheep Grazing Among Roman Remains
    A Ghost Cruise on the Ouse River
    West Highland Railway

    The East Coast
    By Ferry to Newcastle
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    Some Photos from the East Coast

    Scottish Sea Shores
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    Mull - Craignure to Fionnphort
    Pentland Firth
    Staffa
    Summer Days in Oban
    Summer Nights in Oban

    Wild Wales - With Castles
    Hazy Views with Castles
    Shadows and Strongholds
    Views from Castle Battlements

    Wildlife
    Sea Gulls


    Land of Light and Darkness - Scandinavia

    Norway

    The Hurtigruten-Tour
    A Voyage into Winter
    The Farthest North
    Culture and Nature in Norway
    Along the Coast of Norway - Light and Darkness
    Along the Coast - North of the Polar Circle

    Norway by Train
    From Oslo to Bergen
    From Trondheim to Oslo

    Wildlife
    Bearded Seals
    Dog Sledding With Huskies
    Eagles and Gulls in the Trollfjord


    Shores of History - The Baltic Sea

    Baltic Sea Cruise

    Lithuania

    Nida and the Curonian Spit
    Beaches at the Curonian Spit




    Historia
    Geologia
    Delectatio (Fun Stuff)
    Comblogium (Blog Roll)
    Conexiones (Links)

    - Roman History
    - Mediaeval History
    - Other Times and Miscellanea


    Roman History

    Wars and Frontiers

    Maps
    Romans in Germania

    Traces of the Pre-Varus Conquest
    Roman Camp Hedemünden
    New Finds in 2008

    The Battle of the Teutoburg Forest
    Museum Park at Kalkriese

    The Battle at the Harzhorn
    Introduction

    Along the Limes
    Limes Fort Osterburken
    Limes Fort Saalburg

    Roman Frontiers in Britain
    Hadrian's Wall

    Rebellions
    The Batavian Rebellion

    Roman Militaria

    Armour
    Early Imperial Helmets
    Late Roman Helmets
    The Negau B Helmet

    Weapons
    The pilum
    Daggers
    Swords

    Other Equipment
    Roman Saddles

    Life and Religion

    Religion
    The Mithras Cult
    Isis Worship
    Curse Tablets and Good Luck Charms

    Everyday Life
    Bathing Habits
    Children's Toys
    Face Pots
    Styli and Wax Tablets

    Public Life
    Roman Transport - Barges
    Roman Transport - Amphorae and Barrels
    Roman Water Supply

    Roman villae
    Villa Rustica Wachenheim

    Miscellaneous
    Legend of Alaric's Burial


    Mediaeval History

    Feudalism
    Feudalism, Beginnings
    Feudalism, 10th Century
    The Privilege of the deditio
    A Note on handgenginn maðr

    The Hanseatic League
    Introduction and Beginnings
    Stockfish Trade


    Germany

    Geneaologies

    List of Mediaeval German Emperors

    Geneaology
    Anglo-German Marriage Connections
    Heinrich the Lion's Ancestors

    Biographies

    Kings and Emperors
    King Heinrich IV
    Emperor Otto IV, Introduction

    Princes
    Otto the Quarrelsome of Braunschweig-Göttingen
    The Dukes of Braunschweig-Grubenhagen
    Otto of Northeim
    The Ludowing Landgraves of Thuringia
    Albrecht II and Friedrich I of Thuringia

    Counts and Local Lords
    The Marshals of Ebersburg
    The Counts of Everstein
    The Counts of Hohnstein
    The Lords of Plesse
    The Counts of Reichenbach
    The Counts of Winzenburg

    Famous Feuds

    Local Feuds
    The Lüneburg Succession War
    The Thuringian Succession War - Introduction
    The Star Wars

    Royal Troubles
    Otto IV and Bishop Adalbert II of Magdeburg


    England and Normandy

    From the Conquest to King John

    Normans, Britons, and Angevins
    The Honour of Richmond and the Dukes of Brittany


    Scotland

    Kings of Scots

    House Dunkeld
    Malcolm III and Northumbria
    Struggle for the Throne: Malcolm III to David I
    King David and the Civil War (1)
    King David and the Civil War (2)

    Houses Bruce and Stewart
    Robert the Bruce and Stirling Castle
    The Early Stewart Kings

    Scottish Nobles and their Quarrels

    Clan Feuds
    MacLeans and MacDonalds
    A Scottish Wedding


    Wales

    Princes and Rebels

    The Princes of Gwynedd
    The Rise of House Aberffraw

    The Rebellions
    From Llywellyn ap Gruffudd to Owain Glyn Dŵr


    Scandinavia

    Kings and Vikings

    Kings of Norway
    King Eirik's Scottish Marriages

    Famous Nobles and their Feuds
    Alv Erlingsson of Tønsberg


    Other Times and Miscellanea

    Post-Mediaeval History

    Discoveries
    Otto von Guericke and the Magdeburg Hemispheres
    Raising a Wreck, Now and Then (Vasa Museum in Stockholm)

    Explorers
    Fram Expedition to the North Pole
    Fram Expedition to the South Pole

    History in Opera and Literature

    Opera

    Belcanto and Historicism
    Maria Padilla - Mistress Royal
    The Siege of Calais in Donizetti's Opera

    Historical Ballads

    Ballads by Th. Fontane, translated by me
    About Theodor Fontane
    Archibald Douglas
    Gorm Grymme
    Sir Walter Scott in Abbotsford
    The Tragedy of Afghanistan


    Geological Landscapes

    The Baltic Sea
    Geology of the Curonian Spit

    The Harz
    Karst Landscape
    Karst - Lonau Falls
    Karst - Rhume Springs

    Meissner / Kaufunger Wald
    Blue Dome near Eschwege
    Diabase and Basalt Formations
    Karst Formations

    Solling-Vogler
    Raised Bogs
    The Hannover Cliffs

    The Shores of Scotland
    Staffa

    Paleontology

    Fossils
    Ammonites


    Fun Stuff

    Not So Serious Romans
    Aelius Rufus Visits the Future Series
    Building Hadrian's Wall
    Playmobil Romans

    Royal (Hi)Stories
    Kings Having a Bad Hair Day
    The Case of the Vanished Wine Cask

    Historical Memes
    Charlemagne meme
    Historical Christmas Wishes
    New Year Resolutions
    Aelius Rufus does a Meme
    Rules for Writing Scottish Romances

    Funny Sights
    Tourist Kitsch in St.Petersburg

    My Novels in Progress / Planning

    I'm a bit of a writer, too; here are the novel projects on which I'm currently working

    Roman Novels (Historical Fiction)
    The Saga of House Sichelstein (Historical Fiction)
    Kings and Rebels (Fantasy)


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    A Mixed Bag of History
    English Historical Fiction Authors
    The Freelance History Writer (Susan Abernethy)
    The History Blog
    History, the Interesting Bits (S.B. Connolly)
    Mediaeval Manuscripts Blog
    Mediaeval News (Niall O'Brian)
    Time Present and Time Past (Mark Patton)

    Thoughts and Images

    Reading and Reviews
    Black Gate Blog
    The Blog That Time Forgot (Al Harron)
    Parmenion Books
    Reading the Past
    The Wertzone

    Imaginations
    David Blixt
    Ex Urbe (Ada Palmer)
    Constance A. Brewer
    Jenny Dolfen Illustrations
    Wild and Wonderful (Caroline Gill)

    German Travel Blogs
    Alte Steine
    Blickgewinkelt
    Meerblog
    Reiseaufnahmen
    Sonne und Wolken
    Teilzeitreisender
    Travelita
    Unterwegs und Daheim

    Highland Mountains
    The Hazel Tree (Jo Woolf)
    Helen in Wales
    Mountains and Sea Scotland

    The Colours of the World
    Shutterbugs


    Research

    Archaeology
    Past Horizons
    Archaeology in Europe
    Orkneyar

    Roman History
    Deutsche Limeskommission
    Internet Ancient Sourcebook
    Livius.org
    Roman Army
    Roman Britain
    The Romans in Britain
    Vindolanda Tablets

    Not so Dark Ages
    Burgundians in the Mist
    Viking Society for Northern Research

    Mediaeval History
    De Re Militari
    Internet Mediaeval Sourcebook
    Kulturzeit
    The Labyrinth
    Mediaeval Crusades
    Medievalists.Net

    Castles
    Burgenarchiv
    Burgerbe.de
    Burgenwelt
    Exploring Castles
    The World of Castles

    Miscellaneous History
    Heritage Daily
    The History Files

    Mythology
    Ancient History
    Encyclopedia Mythica

    Online Journals
    Ancient Warfare
    The Heroic Age
    The History Files

    Travel and Guide Sites

    Germany - History
    Antike Stätten in Deutschland
    Burgenarchiv
    Strasse der Romanik

    Germany - Nature
    HarzLife
    Naturpark Meissner
    Naturpark Solling-Vogler

    England
    English Heritage
    Visit Northumberland

    Scotland
    The Chain Mail (Scottish History)
    Historic Scotland
    National Trust Scotland

    Books and Writing

    Interesting Author Websites
    Bernard Cornwell
    Dorothy Dunnett
    Steven Erikson
    Diana Gabaldon
    Guy Gavriel Kay
    George R.R. Martin
    Sharon Kay Penman
    Brandon Sanderson
    J.R.R. Tolkien
    Tad Williams

    Historical Fiction
    Historical Novel Society
    Historia Magazine

    Writing Sites
    Absolute Write
    TheLitForum.com
    National Novel Writing Month


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